growth hormone

growth hormone
= GH; = somatotrophin
a hormone, synthesized and stored in the anterior pituitary gland, that promotes growth of the long bones in the limbs and increases protein synthesis (via somatomedin). Its release is controlled by the opposing actions of growth-hormone releasing hormone and somatostatin. Excessive production of growth hormone results in gigantism before puberty and acromegaly in adults. Lack of growth hormone in children causes dwarfism. Synthetic human growth hormone (somatotropin) is used to treat a variety of conditions of growth-hormone deficiency. Pegvisomant is an analogue of human growth hormone that blocks GH receptors; it may be used to treat acromegaly.

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  • Growth hormone 2 — Growth hormone 2, also known as GH2, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: GH2 growth hormone 2| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=2689| accessdate = ] PBB Summary section title =… …   Wikipedia

  • Growth hormone 1 — Growth hormone 1, also known as GH1, is a human gene. PBB Summary section title = summary text = The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the somatotropin/prolactin family of hormones which play an important role in growth control. The… …   Wikipedia

  • growth hormone — n. 1. a polypeptide hormone of the anterior part of the pituitary gland, that promotes normal growth 2. any of various substances that promote growth, as of plants or beef cattle …   English World dictionary

  • growth hormone — ► NOUN ▪ a hormone which stimulates growth in animal or plant cells …   English terms dictionary

  • growth hormone — growth hormone. См. соматотропный гормон. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Growth hormone — HGH redirects here. For other uses, see HGH (disambiguation). Growth hormone 1 Growth hormone Identifiers Symbol GH1 …   Wikipedia

  • Growth hormone — A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of another hormone called somatomedin by the liver, thereby causing growth. Growth hormone is synonymous with somatotropin and somatropin. More specifically (and technically),… …   Medical dictionary

  • growth hormone — any substance that stimulates or controls the growth of an organism, esp. a species specific hormone, as the human hormone somatotropin, secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. Abbr.: GH [1920 25] * * * also called  somatotropin , or  human… …   Universalium

  • Growth Hormone — Somatotropin Strukturmodell des Somatotropin nach Kristallstruktur.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Growth hormone — Somatotropin Strukturmodell des Somatotropin nach Kristallstruktur.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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